INDIA’S BRIDE TRAFFICKING FUELLED BY SKEWED SEX RATIOS

A brother from West Bengal district of Dinajpur after a long search was able to rescue his sister who was trafficked for forced Marriage in Uttar Pradesh
A brother from West Bengal district of Dinajpur after a long search was able to rescue his sister who was trafficked for forced Marriage in Uttar Pradesh

PUBLISHED IN THE GUARDIAN-BY ANU ANAND

Business in brides is booming in north-west India as a result of female foeticide, but the women bought and sold are often trapped in lives of slavery and abuse

Just 90 minutes’ drive from the thriving city of Gurgaon, near Delhi, a business hub in India and home to corporate giants Google and Microsoft, Hari Singh Yadav, landowner, farmer and eldest of seven brothers sits outside his front door and bemoans his bachelor status.

“There are not enough girls from my caste in our village, and I’m already 34 years old, so now no one wants to marry me,” he says. Only three of his brothers have found wives. “Here, if you don’t marry, people shun you. I want to go to [the southern city of] Hyderabad and get a wife but it will cost $1,500. Will you loan it to me?”

In the north-west of India, the business in brides is booming. Skewed sex ratios in states including Haryana, where there are only 830 girls for every 1,000 boys(pdf) and young women being lured away to jobs in India’s booming cities, means men like Yadav are increasingly left with few options when it comes to finding a wife.

“Among land-owning castes in rural areas, female foeticide is rampant because people bitterly oppose laws which say girls should inherit equally,” said Reena Kukreja, who teaches gender studies at Queens University in Ontario, Canada. “So they make sure daughters are never born.”

Nearly 50 years after the introduction of ultrasound technology, which campaigners say has led to the sex-selective termination of up to 10 million healthy female foetuses, families in search of wives are increasingly turning to traffickers to counter their sons’ diminishing marriage prospects.

There are no official statistics on trafficked and migrant brides in India, but according to a survey conducted across 1,300 villages in Haryana and Rajasthan by Queens University, there has been a 30% increase over the past three years in the numbers of women lured or coerced into marriage.

The UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has identified organised bride trafficking rings increasingly operating in Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, where gender ratios are among the least balanced in the country. A 2013 UNODC report (pdf) cites a survey of 92 villages in Haryana which shows that in 10,000 households, 9,000 married women had been bought from poor villages in other states.

The business of bride trafficking is proving so lucrative that local people are setting themselves up as dealers or brokers, sourcing women for families seeking partners for their sons.

Bashir, who refused to give his surname, is from Tijara in the north-western state of Rajasthan. He used to make his living harvesting crops or quarrying rocks. Now he supplements his meagre income by travelling to Assam twice a year – with his own purchased wife – to bring back brides for local village families.

“We tell them they’ll get good husbands here. We pay the families $70-100 [£45-65],” Bashir says, sitting outside his family home. “It’s a community service. We are poor, they are poor, so it’s a win-win situation.”

Yet the reality of these marriages for women bought and sold as brides is often a life of slavery and abuse. The UNODC says thousands of these women are raped, abused, used as domestic slaves and often eventually abandoned.

Sahiba was only 16 when a distant relative told her family in Assam that he could marry the poor teenager into a good home. He took her away, raped her twice and sold her as a bride to a family in Palwal, Haryana, 60km from the Indian capital Delhi. “I didn’t want to be raped again, so I went along with it,” she says. “And I thought it was a real marriage.”

She later discovered from her sister-in law that she had been bought for 13,500 rupees (£135) for her mentally ill husband, whom the family thought no one else would marry. “My blood began to boil and I decided to escape,” Sahiba says. “When I refused to sleep with my new husband, I was beaten and attacked with a knife. ‘We bought you,’ his family told me. ‘You have to obey.’”

Shafiq ur-Rehman is an activist and founder of Empower People, a charity that works with trafficked brides in 10 Indian states, including Haryana, where his offices have been set on fire and his employees shot at by locals. He says women who are bought and sold into marriage are often used as unpaid labourers. “It’s simple economics,” he says. “A local day labourer costs $140 for a season. But a girl only costs $100 for life. If it doesn’t work out, she can be resold and there’s no family nearby to help her. It’s no different from the former slave plantations of the US.”

Ghaushia Khan, 40, an activist, was sold into marriage in Haryana as a young woman and now provides legal aid to other trafficked brides. She says that, once sold, many women are considered worthless by the community they find themselves in. “In 1992, a [trafficked bride] in my neighbourhood was doused in kerosene and burnt alive,” Khan says. “Her skin began to peel off and I would hear her crying out, ‘please give me water’.”

Khan travels throughout Haryana trying to help these brides get access to legal support and assistance. She says few of the women she encounters are prepared to go to the police because they believe that, far from delivering justice, a complaint will leave them further isolated.

Some women, like Farida, have spent decades in villages far away from their families. Only 11 when, 20 years ago, she was sold to a 70-year-old man, her first experience of marriage was rape and violence. She gave birth to the first of seven children soon after. “That same day, I was ordered to get up and cook for everyone,” says Farida.

What is most painful, she says, is that her children have been taught to hate her. “My eldest son says to his grandmother, ‘Why don’t we sell her on? There are many others like her,’” she says. “What can I do? I don’t think I’ll ever see my sister again. I don’t even remember how to get back home.”

Others, like Sahiba, have managed to escape their marriages. Sahiba’s brother spent months tracking her down with the help of lawyers and activists with the Delhi-based Save the Childhood Movement. However, the chances of Sahiba getting any kind of justice or compensation are slim. Save the Childhood Movement estimates that, despite thousands of women being affected, there have been only two or three convictions a year for bride trafficking.

“There’s a very low conviction rate in cases of bride trafficking because the law is so fragmented,” says Rakesh Senger, an activist with the organisation. “One section deals with kidnapping, another with trafficking, another with rape, so cases usually took up to five years to prosecute. There is no inter-state police cooperation either, so it’s difficult to get victims to court to testify. However, with the new rape laws, we’re hopeful things will improve as cases have to be tried within a year.”

Ravi Kant, president of Shakti Vahini, one of India’s most high-profile anti-trafficking organisations, agrees. He says that, despite successfully bringing cases of forced labour – where they have prosecuted families for buying women from another state and forcing them into domestic servitude – they have persistently failed to bring cases of bride trafficking to court.

“We’ve tried to prosecute traffickers and men who’ve purchased wives in at least 20 different cases,” Kant says. “They stay in jail for two to three months, get bail and then either the prosecutor doesn’t actively pursue the case, or the victim never testifies because she’s afraid to face her tormentor again. The local police don’t see the accused as having committed any crime, so they don’t investigate properly, and they make no effort to cross state lines to bring victims to court.”

Sahiba’s future remains uncertain. She says that although she has been rescued, the end of her marriage means she can’t go home to her family. “I can’t go back because of the shame of leaving a husband,” she says.

Raped, then sold off as a bride in a distant land

HINDU KARNAL

PUBLISHED IN THE HINDU – BY DEVESH PANDEY

Hundreds of girls and women have been sold-off by human traffickers as brides in Haryana villages since the past several years

In the tea gardens of Banarhat, a remote village bordering Bhutan in West Bengal, her father once worked as a labourer. After his death, the family survived for years on the meagre income of her mute brother, not enough to even pay for the proper treatment of her recurrent bouts of a mysterious stomach-aches. And then one day, yet another tragedy struck in the garb of a well-wisher. A human trafficker took Paro (name changed) to faraway Haryana, raped her and then sold her off as a bride to a middle-aged widower.

The family knew Mustafa Ali as the husband of the girl who once lived in their neighbourhood.

“We had taken Paro to the village doctors, but they could not cure her. This had us worried and in such a state of haplessness, Mustafa approached giving us a hope. He stayed with us for a night. Mustafa told us that not only Paro, but her mute brother could also be cured by the blessings of one Baba Rampal Maharaj, claiming that the godman had his ashram in Haryana,” said Paro’s elder sister. She had no inkling of Mustafa’s visit as she lives in another village with her husband.

Snapshot 2 (18-09-2013 19-59)Convinced that he was a God-sent saviour, Paro’s mother readily agreed to accompany Mustafa to Hrayana along with the girl and her two sons. They boarded a train on July 3.

“We left for Delhi, from where we were taken to Kheri Man Singh village in Karnal. Mustafa took us to his house, where he lives with his two wives. We were shocked to discover that the villagers there knew him as Rajender Pal,” said a frail Paro, a 24-year-old woman who had virtually starved for the past few weeks.

Narrating her tale of horror, Paro recounted: “Rajender disclosed that he wanted to marry me off. When my mother and brothers objected, he and his men beat them up. He also attempted to sexually assault my mother. Following this, she and one of my brothers were forced to board a train back to our village. Rajender raped me and kept me in confinement for over 20 days. He would lock me inside a room whenever he went out.”

Paro refused to eat in protest and partly because she did not get her staple food — rice. While she languished at Rajender’s house, about four prospective grooms paid visits to check on her.

“The deal was finally struck with one Darshan Kumar for Rs.70,000. They staged a ceremony, where my brother was forced to pose for a photograph showing that the marriage had his approval,” said Paro. She was sent with Darshan, while her brother was sent packing home after his job was over.

“Darshan, a widower, sexually assaulted me and ill-treated me all the time. His mother also abused me. I was constantly looking for an opportunity to escape. Then and one day, in the early hours, I managed to slip out while the others were sleeping. I spent the entire day in the nearby sugarcane fields, but the villagers caught me the next morning and took me back to Darshan. They forced me to put my fingerprints on a blank paper,” said Paro.

A few days after Paro’s brother reached his village, the family learnt that Rajender had once again visited the village looking for some more girls. “We had got a case registered at the Banarhat police station on July 27. The police soon arrested him,” said Paro’s sister. The West Bengal Police then contacted non-government organisation Shakti Vahini seeking assistance for the victim’s rescue.

The NGO contacted the Karnal Superintendent of Police, on whose orders a team was sent to Darshan’s residence along with the organisation representatives on Monday, over two months after she was kidnapped. A video footage capturing the operation showed Paro screaming, bursting into tears and hugging her sister as soon as she sees her. Holding each other tightly, the sisters sobbed as Paro shared the agony and torture she had been subjected to.

Rishi Kant of Shakti Vahini said: “Darshan was not home when the team reached there. The villagers confronted the NGO members, asserting that she had been bought for Rs.70,000. We finally managed to take the victim to the area police station, where she immediately went to the bathroom and sat under a tap till the sindoor was washed away completely.”

According to Mr. Kant, hundreds of girls and women like Paro are sold-off by human traffickers as brides in Haryana villages since the past several years.

“A skewed sex ratio [877 females per 1,000 males] in the State is the prime reason behind the mushrooming of such organised syndicates. As reported in the latest report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime [UNODC], a field study by Drishti Stree Adhyayan Prabodhan in 92 Haryana villages covering 10,000 households revealed that over 9,000 married women had been bought from other States. They address the purchased brides as Paro [from outside the State],” said Mr. Kant. Age, beauty and virginity are the yardsticks that determine their price.

Studies by various organisations have revealed that girls from poverty-stricken villages in Assam, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha and even from Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh, are trafficked to Haryana and Punjab via Delhi for forced marriages.

“Trafficking for forced marriages has also been reported from Kutch in Gujarat. Hundreds of Bengali-speaking Muslim women are trafficked from West Bengal and Bangladesh to Kutch, where they are sold off as brides,” stated the UNODC report, observing that from Haryana, they are also sent to the bordering areas of Rajasthan.

Indian girls rescued from bride trafficking

NITA BHALLA IN TRUST LAW

NEW DELHI (TrustLaw) – Two minor girls, who were being trafficked from other parts of India to be sold as brides, have been rescued in two separate incidents by police in New Delhi, the Times of India reported on Tuesday. According to the report, a 16-year-old girl from the central region of Madhya Pradesh was sold by her uncle for 90,000 rupees ($1,800) to a truck driver whom she was forced to marry.

While in another incident, a 13-year-old girl from the eastern state of West Bengal, was trafficked to the capital and was in the process of being sold as a wife. Social workers say girls from poor regions of India are increasingly being trafficked as brides to areas where there are a declining number of women, due to the illegal but widespread practice of female foeticide.

“Recent raids have thrown light on the trafficking of girl children to Haryana – with Delhi as the transit point,” Rishikant, coordinator of a women’s charity Shakti Vahini, is quoted as saying. “Girls from Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Chandigarh are brought here with almost no scope of returning.”

http://www.trust.org/trustlaw/news/indian-girls-rescued-from-bride-trafficking

Bride trafficking: 2 minors rescued, three held

Bride trafficking: 2 minors rescued, three held
Bride trafficking: 2 minors rescued, three held

NEW DELHI: Two minor girls – brought to the capital to be sold off as brides in Haryana – have been rescued by the police in the past two weeks. Haryana has been in the news for the rampant trafficking of girl children, all thanks to its skewed sex ratio.

In the first incident, a 16-year-old girl, a native of Betul district of Madhya Pradesh, was rescued from the Jind railway station. She was found in a traumatised condition by the GRP. Her uncle, Ramesh, had sold her to Ved Prakash, a truck driver, against a payment of Rs 90,000. However, she fled from his house on October 22. She told the cops that she was married against her wishes and wanted to return to her native village. After her medical examination, the girl was given shelter at Karnal Nariniketan.

 Though the Madhya Pradesh police has arrested Ramesh, Ved Prakash is still at large. Fresh raids are being conducted in Madhya Pradesh to nab the local traffickers. In the second incident, a 13-year-old girl from Santhal in West Bengal was forcefully brought to Delhi and employed as a domestic help in Janakpuri, at the house of Nirja Bhaskar. The girl’s family had urged Nirja to let the girl return home but Nirja refused to comply. Instead, she demanded that the family cough up a sum of Rs 16,000 which she had paid to the placement agency. However, Nirja was tracked down by the NGO Shakti Vahini and the girl was rescued.

 The girl was brought to the capital by Pina Roy and Rina Hemram – both in the police net – three months back. After reaching Delhi she stayed in Sangam Vihar with Rina where she was often beaten up by Rina’s husband. She made umpteen requests to go back home but the couple employed her as a domestic help. Later, she worked somewhere else. After suffering untold misery at the hands of her new employer, she ran away to Sangam Vihar. There she came in contact with another person from Bengal who used her as a bonded labourer and was planning to sell her as a child bride.

 “Recent raids have thrown light on the trafficking of girl children to Haryana – with Delhi as the transit point. Girls from Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Chattisgarh and Chandigarh are brought here with almost no scope of returning. We are planning a nationwide drive to address the problem,” said Rishi kant, coordinator, Shakti Vahini.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Bride-trafficking-2-minors-rescued-three-held/articleshow/10734438.cms

Campaign to make Gurgaon Child friendly

Children Home to be set up in Gurgaon soon

A group of child survivors of various difficult circumstances have appealed the Deputy Commissioner of Gurgaon for institutionalizing the Child Welfare Committee in Gurgaon. The group has come forward to get the issues related to child rights prioritized in the city. The Deputy Commissioner assured the team for the sitting of the five members Child Welfare Welfare Committee in Gurgaon soon. In the meeting of the officials of all the district administration organize by the Shakti Vahini, CHILDLINE in the DC office today the Deputy Commissioner also felt the importance of a Children Home in Gurgaon. He suggested Shakti Vahini team to get in touch with the Department of Women and Child Development, Govt. of Haryana. The Deputy Commissioner said, “Shakti Vahini is one of the competent organization to run a children home in Gurgaon, so the organization can take the initiative and work in close coordination with the Govt.” “The CHILDLINE, Gurgaon is doing wonderful work in Gurgaon for the best interest of the children in need of care and protection as Children are the vulnerable section of our society and we should do whatever we can to help our society grow as a healthy society” he added.

The meeting was organized as a part of the CHILDLINE LINE SE DOSTI Campaign aims to make million dosts attended by Sub Divisional Magistrate, Chief Medical Officer, Assistant Deputy Commissioner, District Child Welfare Officer and the officials of other department.

During the CHILDLINE LINE SE DOSTI campaign Shakti Vahini is also reaching out to the Residents Welfare Organization in Housing complexes for a campaign on zero tolerance for Child Labour. Nishi Kant , Executive Director  Shakti Vahini, who will be heading the programme, said, “Our team of counsellors will visit all the concerned stakeholders and co-ordinate and sensitise the officers as to how to sensitively handle cases of child abuse and child rights violations.”

Mr. Kant said “During the period of 2011-12 (April-September) CHILDLINE, Gurgaon has intervened 126 cases of Child in need of care and protection. We have conducted many rescue operations of the child labourers in the brick klins, dabhas, tea stall and other business establishments with the help of the Labour Department. Out of these 216 victims, most of them have already been united with the family and the rest are in the children homes. The victims are from different states of India. The states like West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, and Orissa are highly prone to child trafficking. As a part of this project we are providing direct assistance like medical, shelter, protection from abuse, repatriation, death, missing children, intensive counseling, On phone like emotional support and guidance, information and referral to services for the caller, information about CHILDLINE, and long term rehabilitation of the needy children.”

Shakti Vahini has also done two police sensitization programmes on Child Rights during the last one year. Shakti Vahini is working very closely with Police department to make Gurgaon Child Friendly. In this regards the organization is also taking the support of Citizens Groups like the Pedal Yatri and different Resident Welfare Organizations.

The Missing Girls of India

Indian girls
Image by gustaffo89 via Flickr

BY Ali Lakofsky IN THE DIPLOMACIST

India is witnessing the largest population explosion the world has ever seen. 41,000 new Indian children are born every day, and this number continues to expand exponentially. However, a growing concern for the people of India is the intense cultural preference to give birth to sons over daughters, and what is now even being considered a genocide by some human rights activists may be the cause of a major crisis much larger than India could ever imagine.

It is estimated that nearly 1 million baby girls are aborted each year in India preferential male births. In the last two decades, almost 10 million have been killed due to this phenomenon, often called foeticide or infanticide. Girls are considered a burden in Indian society, partially because of arranged marriages and the dowry that mothers must pay to the groom’s parents. The son also carries on the family name and inherits the property. Thus, girls are undesirable , leading modern Indian women to abort their female babies in order to avoid inevitable consequences. “Spend 500 rupees now and save 50,000 rupees later’’ is a common slogan used among doctors willing to perform the abortion.

Although laws exist that ban sex-based abortions, it is easy to avoid them and they are rarely enforced. India’s medical sector, which works as one of the most private systems in the world, is the ultimate culprit. It seems that doctors will do anything for a fee, and investigations against them are short-circuited by their wealth and social status, with many easily escaping charges and fines.

A recent Indian government census revealed that there were 795 women for every 1000 men in the rural city of Punjab. The statistics were no less surprising in the more upscale city of South Dehli. An estimated 60 million girls are now “missing,” leading India to fall into a detrimental black hole which analysts fear there will be no return. Men at marrying age are finding themselves without potential wives. Missing Indian girls has also lead to greater sex trafficking for the purpose of marriage and prostitution. The issue has also become prominent factor in politics, especially at the local level.. Candidates running for office pledge to “help provide more girls” if and when elected. ”We’re losing the battle,” said Ravi Kant​, executive director of Shakti Vahini, an anti-female-foeticide organization that tries to assist trafficked women. “It is in every village. The police are saying these families are doing nothing wrong. There’s collusion between the law and the politicians, and it’s destroying the whole social fabric.”

Efforts continue to be made to end the female foeticide crisis, such as the Global Walk for India’s Missing Girls and the soon-to-be-released film, “Petals in the Dust, but how long will the problem remain status quo before it’s simply too late?

SOURCE: http://www.diplomacist.org/archives/577

Girl from Hajo rescued in Haryana

SPL CORRESPONDENT / NORTH EAST TRIBUNE

NEW DELHI, Oct 4 – A minor Assamese girl hailing from Hajo was rescued from Shahpur village of Jind district in Haryana on Monday.

The 17-year-old girl, who was forced to change her religion, was rescued by a joint team of Haryana Police and the non-government organisation Shakti Vahini. She was lured by one person in Assam on the pretext of marrying her. He brought her to Delhi and sold to one Rakesh of Jind for Rs 25,000, according to Rishi Kant of Shakti Vahini. Rakesh married her forcefully and she was allegedly subjected to slavery.

The victim’s family reported that she had gone missing from her house on April 25. They approached the Hajo Police Station in May. The Anti-Human Trafficking Unit Assam Police informed Shakti Vahini to assist the parents of the trafficked victim to rescue their daughter. A team of Shakti Vahini got in touch with Anti-Human Trafficking Unit of Haryana Police. With the help of Jind Police, the victim was located in Shahpur village. Preliminary enquiries revealed that the girl was five months’ pregnant. The victim has indicated that she wanted to go back home, as she has been forced into marriage.

After the medical examination, the girl was produced before the SDM, Jind district and the victim has been sent to the Nari Niketan, Karnal. The victim’s parents were asked to produce authentic documents to prove their real parenthood. A team of Assam Police is on its way to Haryana to investigate the matter. The girl’s parents have also reached Jind.

According to Advocate Ravi Kant, President, Shakti Vahini, the situation is alarming. Trafficking for forced marriage is the ramification of the skewed sex ratio in Haryana. It is to be noted that skewed sex ratio is leading to trafficking of women and children from the north-eastern region.

http://www.assamtribune.com/scripts/detailsnew.asp?id=oct0511/at09

13 Traffickers Arrested, 4 rescued in a week

The ramifications of female foeticide in Haryana i.e. buying girls for forced marriage is in its peak as the cops arrested 13 traffickers from Haryana in a period of one week and rescued four victims.

On September 21, 2011 The City PS Sirsa, Haryana busted a sex racket in Prem Nagar area. Four persons have been arrested including Two women trafficked from Nadia District, West Bengal and Delhi. The gang used to bring girls from Eastern states and involve them in Prostitution and forced marriage.

A case was registered u/s 3/4/5/6 of Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act. The FIR number is 730/11. The police said preliminary interrogation revealed that Ramesh Bhatia, a resident of Kirti Nagar, used to bring girls from Kolkatta and Delhi for supply to Dharmender Saini, a resident of Chatargarh Patti. Saini, in turn, supplied these girls to brothels functioning in some residential areas of the town and to farmhouses of influential persons.

The two women Pooja and Sonali had been brought here about a month ago on the monthly “remuneration” of Rs 60,000 each, said sources.

 On September 19, the Seelampur police arrested a 14 year old girl from the clutches of the trafficking gang run by two women in their late 40s. According to the complaint made by the victim’s father a case of kidnapping was registered in the Seelampur Police Station. The technical surveillance led the police team in Karnak and Kurukshetra  where the girl was rescued and two traffickers Sanjida (45) and Ashuya (49) were arrested. The trafficker lured the victim on the pretext of offering her a cold drink when she lost her way to home from Khajuri Khas. The girl was then forcibly taken to Shahbad to Ashiya. Ashiya sold her to a customer for Rs.70,000.

One of the traffickers Sajida said that her husband Jaipal was also involved in the human trafficking. He had sold more than 12 girls as brides in Haryana. The woman also said that there is high demand of girls in Haryana because of the low sex ratio. Her husband was murdered five months ago by her her step son. Then involve herself in this illegal profession.

On September 12, a team of Mizoram Police, Shakti Vahini NGO and CHAN NGO from Mizoram rescued one minor girl from Rewari District Haryana and arrested 6 traffickers. The prime accused of the case the BSF Jawan Satyawan was arrested in Mizoram.

During counseling the victim it was revealed that on 6th June, 2011 Satyawan, BSF personnel of SHQ, Aizawl, Mizoram dispatched the victim to his home village Rotwal, Alwar District, Rajasthan via Guwahati (Assam). He handed her Rs. 3,000/- (Rupees three thousand) only for her journey expenses. The girl arrived New Delhi Railway Station and was received by Raju Yadav who is a brother of Satyawan Yadav. Raju in connivance with other accomplices sold the victim for sexual exploitation at Rs. 90,000/- (Rupees ninety thousand) only. Satyawan who availed leave also reached his home village Rotwal. He was paid Rs. 50,000/- (Rupees fifty thousand) only out of the sale of the girl.

It was also revealed that the victim had been seduced and exploited by the BSF personnel Satyawan posted at BSF Sector Hqrs. Durtlang, Aizawl, Mizoram. BSF Hqrs and residence of victim girl are close by at the same locality of Durtlang North, Aizawl. Mobile phone contacts made by unidentified callers to the family members of the victim traced the callers to Haryana and Rajasthan. BSF personnel Satyawan had availed leave w.e.f. 9th June, 2011. His past acquaintance with the victim and the coincidence of his leave with the disappearance of the victim pose a strong suspicion on the involvement of Satyawan on the disappearance of Sonia.

In yet another incidence two traffickers were arrested by Delhi Police and rescued one victim from Haryana. The victim was kidnapped from Seelampur in September. The girl had been sold to a farmer in Haryana for Rs.70,000. The gang involved in this case used abduct minor girls and sell them off in Haryana as brides. The victims are subjected to do house hold works in the day and to become the sexual slaves in nights.

According to Adv. Ravi Kant, President Shakti Vahini, “The situation is highly alarming. Trafficking for forced marriage is the ramification of the skewed sex ratio in Haryana.”

He added “the female foeticide in Haryana on one hand, if it is killing several innocent lives before they open the eyes, on the other it is causing serious gender imbalance which finally is devastating the lives of equally other who have been lucky enough to see this world. Like breeds the like, the evil of killing females in womb is giving rise to a chain of several other social evils like trafficking of which the female gender is at the receiving end. Due to the fall in sex ratio people are facing the shortage of Brides and for this they are resorting to trafficking to get their sons married. Recently several cases of Human Trafficking have been reported from Haryana.”